Paramita Atmodiwirjo

Universitas Indonesia

Paramita Atmodiwirjo is a professor of architecture at Universitas Indonesia. She obtained her PhD in Architecture and Master of Architectural Studies from the University of Sheffield, and MA in Education (Teaching and Learning) from the University of Bath. Her research interests are on the relationship between architecture, interior and the users’ behavior, and the development of creative learning methods for architectural education. She has been awarded FuturArc Green Leadership Award 2019, Holcim Awards Asia Pacific 2011, Teaching Excellence Award 2014, and IAI Jakarta Award 2012. She is the chief editor of Interiority journal, co-curator of Tanahku Indonesia exhibition 2017, and the secretary for the International Association for Lifewide Learning (IAFLL).

Materiality of the Bauhaus.

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This paper discusses the Bauhaus pedagogical principles on materiality and craftsmanship and explores further possibilities to extend such principles in architectural design education. The critical role of craftsmanship in the Bauhaus curriculum is manifested through various workshops that exposed the students to the experience of interacting with different types of materials and techniques. The workshops reflected the critical role of craft and materiality in the formation of students’ creative design ability. Drawing on the critical role of craftsmanship and materiality in Bauhaus education, we attempted to extend the value of such learning process, by contextualizing the principles into the process of learning through traditional craftsmanship. This paper illustrates the learning approach to materiality and craftsmanship through making exercises based on Indonesian indigenous crafts. The craft workshops offered in Bauhaus mainly dealt with modern industrial materials and techniques. When craft learning is contextualized into indigenous context, different kinds of materiality emerge as a result of indigenous materials and techniques. The experience of dealing with a variety of materials used in Indonesia indigenous craft such as earth-based materials (soil, clay, sand, stone) and plant-based materials (grass, leaves, tree bark, tree sap) offer the students opportunities to understand the properties of materials and different techniques involved in the production of craftworks. The process of making becomes the process of interacting intimately with the materials, enhancing the sensibility and extending the vocabulary of the making, which are all important in the formation of design ability and creativity.